Mauritania is a country in Northwest Africa. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Western Sahara to the north and northwest, Algeria to the northeast, Mali to the east and southeast, and Senegal to the southwest.


The Mauritanian population is estimated to be around 4.6 million people. The majority of the population is Arab-Berber, with a significant minority of black Africans. The official language is Arabic, but French is also widely spoken.


Mauritania is a developing country with a low-income economy. The main economic activities are mining, fishing, and agriculture. Mauritania is also a major producer of iron ore.


Mauritanian culture is a blend of Arab, Berber, and African influences. The country has a rich tradition of music, dance, and poetry. Mauritanian cuisine is also diverse, with influences from all over the region.


Marriage is a very important institution in Mauritanian society. The majority of Mauritanians marry within their own ethnic group. Polygamy is legal in Mauritania, but it is relatively uncommon.


The Mauritanian diet is based on rice, millet, and couscous. Meat, fish, and vegetables are also important components of the diet. Popular Mauritanian dishes include:

  • Thiebudienne: A rice dish cooked with fish, vegetables, and spices.
  • Couscous: A steamed semolina dish that can be served with meat, vegetables, or a stew.
  • Mechoui: Roasted lamb or goat.
  • Yassa au poulet: Chicken marinated in onions, lemon juice, and spices.


Mauritanian dance is a lively and expressive art form. Popular Mauritanian dances include:

  • El Arbi: A traditional Mauritanian dance that is performed by men and women.
  • Tidinit: A slow and graceful dance that is performed by women.
  • Guedra: A Mauritanian dance that is performed by men and women using swords.


Mauritania is a relatively unknown tourist destination, but it has a lot to offer visitors. The country is home to stunning desert landscapes, ancient ruins, and vibrant culture. Popular tourist attractions in Mauritania include:

  • Adrar Mountains: A mountain range in the north of the country with stunning views of the Sahara Desert.
  • Chinguetti: A UNESCO World Heritage Site that is home to ancient ruins and mosques.
  • Banc d’Arguin National Park: A coastal park that is home to a variety of marine life, including dolphins, whales, and sea turtles.

Holidays and nightlife

The most important holidays in Mauritania are Eid al-Fitr, Eid al-Adha, and the Islamic New Year. Mauritanians also celebrate a number of national holidays, such as Independence Day and Labor Day.

Mauritania’s nightlife scene is relatively limited, but there are a few bars and clubs in the capital city of Nouakchott.

Overall, Mauritania is a fascinating country with a rich culture and history. It is a great destination for travelers who are looking for an off-the-beaten-path experience.