Guinea is a West African country that has a rich and diverse cultural heritage. It is home to more than 13 million people who belong to various ethnic groups, such as the Fula, Mandinka, Susu, Kpelle, and Kissi. The official language is French, but many vernacular languages are also spoken, such as Fula, Malinké, Susu, and Pular.

Guinea has a long and turbulent history of colonialism, independence, and political instability. It was part of the French West Africa until 1958, when it became the first French colony to reject the proposed constitution of the French Community and declare its independence under the leadership of Sékou Touré. Touré ruled the country as a socialist one-party state until his death in 1984, when he was succeeded by Lansana Conté, who came to power through a military coup. Conté ruled the country as a dictator until his death in 2008, when another military coup led by Moussa Dadis Camara took place. Camara was wounded in an assassination attempt in 2009 and was replaced by Sékouba Konaté, who organized a transition to civilian rule. In 2010, Alpha Condé became the first democratically elected president of Guinea, but his tenure was marred by ethnic violence, corruption allegations, and constitutional changes that allowed him to run for a third term in 2020. He won the controversial election, but faced widespread protests and opposition from his main rival, Cellou Dalein Diallo. On September 5, 2021, Condé was overthrown by a military junta led by Colonel Mamady Doumbouya, who suspended the constitution and dissolved the government.

Guinea is endowed with abundant natural resources, especially minerals such as bauxite, iron ore, gold, and diamonds. It also has significant potential for hydroelectric power generation from its major rivers: the Gambia, the Niger, and the Senegal. However, despite its wealth of resources, Guinea remains one of the poorest countries in the world, with a low human development index and a high poverty rate. It faces many challenges such as poor infrastructure, weak governance, low literacy rate, high maternal and child mortality rate, and recurrent outbreaks of diseases such as Ebola and COVID-19.

Guinea is a member of several regional and international organizations, such as the African Union, the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), the Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie (OIF), and the United Nations. It has established diplomatic relations with many countries around the world and maintains close ties with its neighbors in West Africa. Guinea is also known for its rich cultural heritage, especially its music and dance traditions that have influenced many artists across Africa and beyond.